Metadata

Indicator code
0.1.2
Indicator name

Homelessness assessment

Geographical coverage

UK

Unit of measurement

Number

Comparability

Not comparable due to legislative differences

Footnote (FULL)

In Scotland, the declining trend can possibly be explained by the introduction of Housing Options services in 2010 in Scottish local authorities, with a focus on prevention.

We are exploring the inclusion of other statistics on assessments and duties, and of alternative ways of visualising the data.

It is recommended to explore the GSS homelessness statistics interactive tool which provides more details on comparability: https://gss.civilservice.gov.uk/dashboard/tools/homelessness-statistics/theme-home.html

Associated sources
0.1.2.4
0.1.2.3
0.1.2.2
0.1.2.1

Sources

0.1.2.1
Measure

Number of households

Source

H-CLIC: Homelessness Case Level Collection

Organisation

Ministry for Housing, Communities and Local Government

Geographical coverage

England

Time period

Q2 2018 - Q1 2020

Frequency

Quarterly

Earliest available data

Q2 2018

Link to data source
Other information

Data preceding Q2 2018 is not directly comparable with this time series. Data following Q2 2018 regards duties applicable under the HRA 2017.

The introduction of intial homelessness duties under the Homelessness Reduction Act in Q2 2018 represents a break in the time series, as households now receive a minimum of 56 days assistance prior to being assessed for and owed a main duty.

Table A1 and P1 (prevention and relief duties owed) and Table M1 (main duty owed) in the data source.

0.1.2.2
Measure

Number of assessments

Source

HL1 case-level homeless applications data collection

Organisation

Scottish Government

Geographical coverage

Scotland

Time period

2002-03 - 2018-19

Frequency

Annual

Earliest available data

2002-03

Link to data source
Other information

Changes in applications and assessments can be driven by changes in legislation, policy and practice. The increase in homelessness between 2002/03 and 2006/07 was in part a consequence of Scottish homelessness legislation which extended councils’ duties to non-priority homeless households. The priority need test was abolished on 31st December 2012. Meanwhile, the number of homelessness applications has decreased in more recent years from 2008/09 to 2016/17, which is likely to have been due to the impact of the introduction of Housing Options services in Scottish local authorities, with a focus on prevention.

Table 13 in data source.

0.1.2.3
Measure

Number of households

Source

Homeless Data Collection form

Organisation

Welsh Government

Geographical coverage

Wales

Time period

2015-16 - 2018-19

Frequency

Annual

Earliest available data

2015-16

Link to data source
Other information

The Housing Act (Wales) 2014 introduced a number of changes to statutory homeless legislation. These changes were introduced on 27 April 2015. This requires local authority to record all assessment outcomes (which may result in multiple outcomes for one household).

https://gov.wales/statutory-homelessness-legislative-changes-27-april-2015

0.1.2.4
Measure

Number of households

Source

Northern Ireland Housing Executive administrative data

Organisation

Department for Communities, Northern Ireland

Geographical coverage

Northern Ireland

Time period

Apr-Sep 2018 - July-Dec 2019

Frequency

Bi-annual

Earliest available data

Apr-Sep 2018

Link to data source
Other information

In order to improve the timeliness of the publication, biannual reporting periods have been adjusted to run from January-June and July-December from the third edition of the NI Homelessness Bulletin onwards; representing calendar rather than financial year.

3-months figures for April-June 2019 fell outside of the reporting period for the 3rd edition of the bulletin only, but have been published in the accompanying tables in order to complete the time series. 2,287 households were accepted as fully duty applicants over this period.

Northern Ireland Homelessness data and statistics reflect its legislation. The major points are applicants presenting as homeless, the Northern Ireland Housing Executive Assessment, and then outcomes, which include "Full Duty applicant" for those who meet the NIHE criteria.

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